Heart valve replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia with techniques that are either conventional or minimally invasive. Conventional surgery requires a large incision from your neck to your navel. If you have less invasive surgery, the length of your incision can be shorter and you can also reduce your risk of infection.
For a surgeon to successfully remove the diseased valve and replace it with a new one, your heart must be still. You’ll be placed on a bypass machine that keeps blood circulating through your body and your lungs functioning during surgery. Your surgeon will make incisions into your aorta, through which the valves will be removed and replaced. There’s almost a 2-3 percent risk of death associated with valve replacement surgery depending upon the clinical condition and co morbidities of the patient
Ross Hall Hospital
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